Community Based Water supply and Sanitation Project (CBWSSP)

Project District : 
Dang and Gulmi
Type of project: 

Government of Nepal with the financial assistance of Asian Development Bank (ADB) is implementing CBWSSP during the period 2004-2010. The goal of the project is poverty alleviation through improved health and quality of life of the people living in the 1200 rural communities. The project is designed with a demand driven approach to respond to the user need for rural community based water supply and sanitation services. For this Fri PAD, Chitwan in joint venture with SISEA, Dang and RPDC, Gulmi are implementing the project activities in collaboration with VDC and Community members of the respective project sites.

Key achievements: 
  • Water user and sanitation committee established and mobilized;

  • Increased awareness on gender, castes and ethnic minorities and ensuring their participation in project activities;

  • Established linkages with existing local institutions and development projects;

  • Project area socio-economic profile preparation and prepare the health and hygiene education plan;

  • Established sanitation revolving fund in the community and establish the mechanism to use this fund;

  • Sanitation and hygiene behavior improved among the project beneficiaries;

  • Encouraged the community to co-finance 20% of the capital cost of improved water supply and sanitation facilities through 1% up-front cash and 19% in kind at the implementation stage;

  • Raising awareness on the importance of safe drinking water, hygiene and sanitation for individual, family, and community health;

  • Implement Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and School Led Total Sanitation (SLTS) approach of total sanitation in project area;

Service Provided: 
  • Assist the selected communities to establish Water User and Sanitation Committee (WUSC);

  • Assist Communities to develop a community action plan for implementing water supply and sanitation schemes and their operation and maintenance, prepare training manuals on "gender and ethnic development", "account management" etc for sensitizing WUSC in the field, assist and train water users groups on planning, procurement, construction management, operation and maintenance, increase awareness on gender, castes and ethnic implement a water users' group strategy to ensure active participation of these groups and compliance with the proportional representation and gender targets, help communities to mobilize and establish WUSC in formation/reformation and legally register as per the Water Resources Act 1992.

  • Conduct feasibility study including socio-economic, engineering, environmental and sanitation study of sub-project, prepare report, discuss it with WUG/WUSC and submit to CBWSSUO/DDC, assess the need for appropriate, low-cost private sanitation facilities affordable by households below poverty line along with community approval. 

  • Establish linkages with existing local institutions, development projects from the planning stages, identify women's interest in water supply and sanitation and opportunities for their substantive contribution to the project, incorporate the issues of mainstreaming gender in each training/orientation/meeting/discussions for gender sensitization and report its progress regularly.

  • Based on findings of the SES, develop detailed HHE program and tentative implementation schedule of activities to be carried out in implementation phase and submit it to CWSSUO/DDC.